Mostafijur Rahman Nasim: Our children are our future as they will lead the world in the upcoming days. However, these future builders are facing lots of troubles including sound, air, water and other pollutions. As a result, the children are growing up with complexity.
Ultimately our future generations are suffering from heart dieses, high-blood pressure, hunger recession, depression, sleep apnea and so on due to several types of pollution. Even, more than 4,000 children are dying every day due to the impact of global environment pollution.
Scientists said that the climate change is increasing the global burden of disease. And in the year 2000 was responsible for 150,000 deaths worldwide. Of this disease burden, 88% fell upon children.
Besides, a serious negative impact prevails in the physical health and nutrition of mothers and their babies. So, nutritious food, safe environment is must to overcome death risk and prenatal disease. But, both the mother and child are deprived of safe and developed environment due to several types of pollution. In addition, Bangladeshi children face the crisis most before their birth.
According to a report of World Health Organization (WHO), around 17 lakh children under age 5 die every year from diseases caused by or exacerbated by outdoor and indoor air pollution, especially in poor nations. The report shows that around 4,658 children are dying in a single day. Unsafe water, lack of sanitation, poor health, surrounding pollution and injury are the main reasons behind the death of children.
A survey report of UNICEF said that a total of 45 percent children here in Bangladesh are living below the poverty line. That means about three crore children are at risk. Of them 41 percent children have no shelter and 64 percent are deprived of healthy sanitation facility. Besides, environmental pollution is another crisis to the lives of these underprivileged children. So, there are a large number of children who are in health risk.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) put some issues before the world for the sake of safe environment for children.
*Reduce pollution by cutting back on fossil fuel combustion and investing in energy efficiency.
*Increase children's access to health care, including more immunization programs and information programs about pneumonia, a leading killer of children under 5.
*Minimize children's exposure to air pollution by keeping schools away from factories and other pollution sources and using cleaner cookstoves in homes.
*Improve monitoring of air pollution.
In another report, UNICEF said the outdoor air pollution is most common in low-income, urban areas and is caused by emissions from vehicle, heavy use of fossil fuels, dust and burning of waste.
Ruhul Amin, a professor of Dhaka Shishu (Children) Hospital said that in Dhaka city, the level of air pollution-related diseases is increasing in children rapidly. As a result, asthma diseases have been widely reported in children. Besides, the pneumonia is also increasing among kids. And all these diseases are come from air pollution. In addition, Children suffer most from lung disease.
Experts said that children are uniquely at risk to the direct impacts of climate changes like climate-related disaster including floods and storms where they are exposed to increased risk of injury, death, loss of or separation from caregivers and mental health consequences.
Climate influences a number of infectious diseases that affect children across the world, including malaria, dengue fever, West Nile virus, Chikungunya, Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and diarrheal illness.
Climate change is fundamentally a development issue. It threatens to exacerbate poverty and hurt economic growth. There are some key factors behind climate change. So, the authority concerned should take effective steps to save of our future generation for the betterment of the globe.
risingbd/Dhaka/Jun 7, 2017/Nasim/Ali Nowsher